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Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (AZJCVS) is an international open access journal which published by Azerbaijan Cardiovascular Surgery Society’in English language, peer-reviewed electronic journal dealing with cardiovascular surgery. It is published once in four months April, June  and August. 

The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of cardiovascular surgery.

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Submission Instructions

Information For Authors


The primary aim of the Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (AZJCVS) is to provide a medium for the publication of high-quality original scientiϐic reports documenting progress in cardiac and thoracic surgery. Manuscripts submitted for publication in AZJCVS should cover topics related to cardiovascular surgery and related areas. Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery scientific, open access periodical published by independent, unbiased, and triple-blinded peer-review principles. The official language of the journal are English and published three annually in March, July and October.  Manuscripts must be written in English and must meet the requirements of the journal.

Editorial and Publication Process

The editorial and publication processes of the journal are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of the International Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal conforms to the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (
Originality, high scientific quality, and citation potential are the most important criteria for a manuscript to be accepted for publication. Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should not have been previously presented or already published in an electronic or printed medium. The journal should be informed of manuscripts that have been submitted to another journal for evaluation and rejected for publication. The submission of previous reviewer reports will expedite the evaluation process. Manuscripts that have been presented in a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the organization, including the name, date, and location of the organization.

Manuscript Evaluation Process

As a peer-reviewed journal that is independent, impartial and in compliance with the principles of double-blinded peer review, after checking the compliance of the submitted manuscript with the writing rules and plagiarism control, all articles are reviewed by the editor-in-chief, section editor, at least two reviewers, and statistic editor. All evaluation process except Editor-in-Chief is done double-blinded. After all these processes are completed, the Editor-in-Chief decides whether to publish or reject the article. In the final stage, the plagiarism review is repeated once more.

Initial Evaluation Process

The Editor–in-Chief evaluates the article in accordance with the purpose and scope of the journal, its suitability to the writing rules, and the adequacy of English language. First plagiarism control is done in this stage. While the articles that are deemed suitable according to the results of the plagiarism report are included in the preliminary evaluation process, the articles that are not approved are returned to the corresponding author.

Pre-Assessment Process

During the pre-assessment process, the manuscripts that received the favorable opinions of the editor-in-chief, and passed the plagiarism check are referred to the section editor. The manuscript is reviewed by section editor in terms of scientific suitability to the journal, and sections of the manuscript (abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, conclusion), As a result of this, the section editor is started reviewer evaluation process and send at least 2 reviewers or send back to the Editor-in-Chief with comments.

Reviewer evaluation process

According to the contents of the manuscripts, at least two reviewers whose studies have been published relevant to the field of medicine in question in international indices within the last five years is determined by the Section Editor or Editor-in-Chief.

Reports of the Reviewers

The reviewers evaluate the manuscript in terms of its scientific suitability, purpose, method, results, and discussion. Proposals for corrections requested by the reviewers are communicated to the corresponding author, and the authors are asked to revise their work. The authors should submit their revised manuscript within 15 days. The revised manuscript is submitted by the corresponding authors via the online submission system. Then, the re-submitted manuscript is sent to the reviewers for re-evaluation and the Editor-in-Chief is notified. If one of the two reviewers expresses a negative opinion, then the manuscript is sent to the third reviewer for evaluation.

Statistical Review

The manuscript approved by the reviewers is evaluated by the section editor and then sent to the Editor-in-Chief with comments. If the Editor-in-Chief has a positive opinion for the manuscript after these evaluations, the manuscript is sent to the statistic editor for statistical evaluation. After the statistic editor evaluation, if need, the manuscript is sent back to the corresponding author with the comments and asked for the revision. After the re-submission of the revised manuscript, the statistic editor re-evaluates it and sends it back to the Editor-in-Chief with the comments. Finally, the Editor-in-Chief decides to accept or reject the manuscript.

Publication Process

Accepted Clinical studies or experimental researches and Case are presentations may be published three to six months later dependent on the publication density of incoming manuscripts. Accepted manuscripts are copy-edited for grammar, punctuation, and format. A PDF proof of the accepted manuscript is sent to the corresponding author and their publication approval is requested within 3 days of their receipt of the proof.

Publication Fee

Article processing charges

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery uses Pleksus article tracking system software. With the journal infrastructure, instant open access to articles is provided and articles published in journals are made available online free of charge all over the world. You do not need to be a member to access the articles. All articles in the system can be accessed and read without being a journal user. No fee is charged for article submission, evaluation and publication. In addition, authors are not paid royalties for their articles.

Peer Review Process

The peer review process is double-blind, i.e., both authors and referees are kept anonymous. Pre-evaluation process of each submission is carried out by the Editorial Board. Manuscripts may be rejected without peer review by the editorin-chief if they do not comply with the instructions to authors or if they are beyond the scope of the journal. Any manuscript that does not conform to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, as reported at, will also be rejected. Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism or duplication. In case of an ethical issue on plagiarism or duplication, the Editorial Board will act in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The manuscripts which pass this stage are assigned to at least two double-blind peer-reviewers with a statistics reviewer. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who has published publications in the international literature on the submission subject and received considerable amount of citations. Research articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses are also reviewed by a biostatistician. By submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors accept that editor may implement changes on their manuscripts including misleading statements and mistypings, as long as the main idea of the manuscript is not interfered.

Ethical Procedures

An approval of research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki “Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects,” amended in October 2013, is required for experimental, clinical, and drug studies and for some case reports. If required, ethics committee reports, or an equivalent official document will be requested from the authors. Submissions which do not have ethical approval will be reviewed according to COPE’s Research, Audit and Service Evaluations guideline.

Such manuscripts can be rejected after editorial review due to the lack of ethics committee approval.

For manuscripts concerning experimental research on humans, a statement should be included that written informed consent of patients and volunteers was obtained following a detailed explanation of the procedures that they may undergo.

It is the authors’ responsibility to protect the patients’ anonymity carefully. For photographs that may reveal the identity of the patients, signed releases of the patient or their legal representative should be enclosed, and the publication approval must be provided in the Methods section.

For studies carried out on animals, an approval research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals, 8th edition, 2011" and/or “International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals, 2012”) is required. Also, the measures taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals should be stated clearly in such studies.

Information on patient consent, the name of the ethics committee, and the ethics committee approval number and date should also be stated in the Methods section of the manuscript.

Plagiarism and Ethical Misconduct

Policy of screening for plagiarism:  Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery is extremely sensitive about plagiarism. All submissions are screened by a similarity detection software (iThenticate by CrossCheck) at any point during the peer-review and/or production process. Even if you are the author of the phrases or sentences, the text should not have an unacceptable similarity with the previously published data. Those with an overall similarity index of greater than 21%, or duplication rate at or higher than 5% with a single source are returned back to authors without further evaluation along with the similarity report.

When you are discussing others' (or your own) previous work, please make sure that you cite the material correctly in every instance.

Authors are strongly recommended to avoid any form plagiarism and ethical misconduct that are exemplified below.

Self- plagiarism (text-recycling): Overlapping sections or sentences with the author’s previous publications without citing them. Even if you are the author of the phrases or sentences, the text should not have unacceptable similarity with the previously published data.
Salami slicing: Using the same data of a research into several different articles. Reporting the same hypotheses, population, and methods of a study is into different papers is not acceptable.
Data Fabrication: It is the addition of data that never occurred during the gathering of data or the experiments. Results and their interpretation must be based on the complete data sets and reported accordingl.

Data Manipulation/Falsification: It means manipulating research data with the intention of giving a false impression. This includes manipulating images (e.g. micrographs, gels, radiological images), removing outliers or ‘inconvenient’ results, changing data points, etc.

In the event of alleged or suspected research misconduct, e.g., plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, the Editorial Board will follow and act according to 
COPE flowcharts.

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery does not consider preprint publications as prior publication. In other words, authors are allowed to present and discuss their findings on a non-commercial preprint server before submission to a journal.

Authors must provide the journal with the pre-print server deposition of their article accompanying its DOI during initial submission.

If the article is published in the Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, it is the responsibility of the authors to update the archived preprint and link it to the published version of the article.

Each person listed as an author should fulfill the authorship criteria recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - The ICMJE recommends that authorship is based on the following four criteria:

1.Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

2.Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

3.Final approval of the version to be published; AND

4.Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he/she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Also, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged on the title page of the manuscript.

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery requires corresponding authors to submit a signed and scanned version of the authorship contribution form (available for download through the initial submission process to act appropriately on authorship rights and to prevent ghost or honorary authorship. If the editorial board suspects a case of “gift authorship,” the submission will be rejected without further review. As part of the submission of the manuscript, the corresponding author should also send a short statement declaring that he/she accepts to undertake all the responsibility for authorship during the submission and review stages of the manuscript.

Changes to Authorship

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reviews the authorship according to the author’s declaration in the Title Page, thus it is the authors responsibility to send the final order of the complete author names. Requests in the change of authorship (e.g. removal/addition of the authors, change in the order etc) after submission are subject to editorial approval. Editorial Board will investigate this kind of cases and act following COPE flowcharts.

Change of authorship requests should be submitted to the Editorial Office with an official letter stating the reasons of the change. The letter must be signed by all authors and include their approval on the change in authorship. If the request is approved by the Editorial Board, authors need to submit a new Copyright Agreement Form according to the final order list.

Declaration of Interest

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery requires and encourages the authors and the individuals involved in the evaluation process of submitted manuscripts to disclose any existing or potential conflicts of interest, including financial, consultant, and institutional, that might lead to potential bias or a conflict of interest. Any financial grants or other support received for a submitted study from individuals or institutions should be disclosed to the Editorial Board. To disclose a potential conflict of interest, the ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form should be filled in and submitted by all contributing authors. The journal’s Editorial Board resolves cases of a potential conflict of interest of the editors, authors, or reviewers within the scope of COPE and ICMJE guidelines.

The Editorial Board of the journal handles all appeal and complaint cases within the scope of COPE guidelines. In such cases, authors should get in direct contact with the editorial office regarding their appeals and complaints. When needed, an ombudsperson may be assigned to resolve claims that cannot be resolved internally. The Editor in Chief is the final authority in the decision-making process for all appeals and complaints.

Appeals and complaint

The Editorial Board of the journal handles all appeal and complaint cases within the scope of COPE guidelines. In such cases, authors should get in direct contact with the editorial office regarding their appeals and complaints. When needed, an ombudsperson may be assigned to resolve claims that cannot be resolved internally. The Editor in Chief is the final authority in the decision-making process for all appeals and complaints.

Copyright and License

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery requires each submission to be accompanied by a Copyright Agreement and Acknowledgement of Authorship Form (available for download when using previously published content, including figures, tables, or any other material in both print and electronic formats, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder. Legal, financial and criminal liabilities in this regard belong to the author(s). By signing this form, authors retain the copyright of their work and agree that the article, if accepted for publication by the Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery will be licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 International License which permits third parties to share and adapt the content for non-commercial purposes by giving the appropriate credit to the original work.  

When using previously published content, including figures, tables, or any other material in both print and electronic formats, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder. Legal, financial and criminal liabilities in this regard belong to the author(s).

Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery sreflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors, the editorial board, or the publisher; the editors, the editorial board, and the publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials. The final responsibility regarding the published content rests with the authors.

Manuscript Preparation

The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2019 - Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with the CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies, STROBE guidelines for observational original research studies, STARD guidelines for studies on diagnostic accuracy, PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies, and TREND guidelines for non-randomized public behavior. Please ensure your case report or case series is compliant with the SCARE Guidelines and submit a completed. Please ensure your case series is compliant with the PROCESS Guidelines.

Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system, available at submitted via any other medium and submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be evaluated.

Manuscripts submitted to the journal will first go through a technical evaluation process where the editorial office staff will ensure that the manuscript has been prepared and submitted in accordance with the journal’s guidelines. Submissions that do not conform to the journal’s guidelines will be returned to the submitting author with technical correction requests.

Authors are required to submit the following:

  • Link eklenecek
  • ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form (should be filled in by all contributing authors) during the initial submission. These forms are available for download at The process for handling cases requiring corrections, retractions, and editorial expressions of concern

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery publishes Original Articles on clinical and experimental research related to any area of medicine. Editorials, letter to the Editor, Review articles, Case reports and technical note on clinical observations may also be considered. By submitting a manuscript to this journal, authors accept that their manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail that informs the status of manuscript at any step of reviewing and publishing process. Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery now offers Accepted Articles for all articles within a short time of acceptance. All process will be completed within one or two months from the receiving of submitted manuscript.

Corrections, Retractions & Expressions of Concern

To provide a better service to the researchers in the academic community, the International Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery believes that clarity in the publishing record is a must for information distribution. Recognizing a published article as a finalized “Version of Record” indicates that it is accurate, complete, and citable. The Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery defines this Version of Record as the initial article publication for open access journals.

It is assumed that manuscripts report on the work based on honest observations. However, occasionally information becomes available which may contradict this. In such cases, the Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery applies Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on corrections, retractions, and expressions of concern.

Corrections: Errors in published papers may be identified that requires publication of a correction in the form of a corrigendum or erratum. Since articles can be read and cited as soon as they are published, any changes thereafter could potentially impact those who read and cited the earlier version. The Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery provides authors an opportunity to review the article proofs prior to publication with the purpose of ensuring the accuracy of the content. Publishing an erratum or corrigendum increases the likelihood readers will find out about the change and also explains the specifics of the change.

Corrigenda and Errata will appear on a numbered page and contain the citation of the original article. If these corrections are insufficient to address an error, the Editor-in-Chief will handle them on a case-by-case basis. Inadequacies arising from the normal course of new scientific research are not within the scope of this and do not require any correction or withdrawal.

Expressions of Concern & Retractions: Where substantial doubt arises as to the honesty or integrity of a submitted or published article, it is the Editor-in-Chief's responsibility to ensure that the matter is adequately addressed, usually by the authors' sponsoring institution. In general, the Editor-in-Chief is not responsible for conducting the investigation or making a definite decision. The Editor-in-Chief should be promptly informed of the decision of the sponsoring institution and a retraction printed should it be determined that a fraudulent paper was published. Alternatively, the Editor-in-Chief may choose to publish an expression of concern over the aspects of the conduct or integrity of the work.

Retractions will appear on a numbered page and contain the citation of the original article.

 Preparation of the Manuscript

Title page: A separate title page should be submitted with all submissions and this page should include:

  • The full title of the manuscript as well as a short title (running head) of no more than 50 characters,
  • Include only full names of the authors directly affiliated with the work. The maximum number of authors is eight for original articles, five for case reports and “How to Do It” articles, three for interesting images, and correspondence. Exceeding numbers will have to be justified to the Editor. Include the name and location of no more than two institutional affiliations where the work was actually done. If more than one department or institution are given, indicate affiliation of each author.
  • Name(s), affiliations, highest academic degree(s), and ORCID IDs of the author(s),•  Grant information and detailed information on the other sources of support,
  • Name, address, telephone (including the mobile phone number), and email address of the corresponding author,
  • Acknowledgment of the individuals who contributed to the preparation of the manuscript but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria.


The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) number of each author must be submitted when creating an account for correspondence. To obtain an ORCID number, please visit

Abstract: An abstract should be submitted with all submissions except for Letters to the Editor. Please check Table 1 below for word count specifications.

Keywords: Each submission must be accompanied by a minimum of three to a maximum of six keywords for subject indexing at the end of the abstract. The words should be separated by a semicolon (;). The keywords should be listed in full without abbreviations. The keywords should be selected from the National Library of Medicine, Medical Subject Headings database (

Manuscript Types

Original Articles: This is the most important type of article since it provides new information based on original research. Acceptance of original papers will be based upon the originality and importance of the investigation. The main text of original articles should be structured with Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, and Discussion subheadings. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Original Articles.

Clinical Trials 

Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery adopts the ICMJE's clinical trial registration policy, which requires that clinical trials must be registered in a publicly accessible registry that is a primary register of the WHO International Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) or in 

Instructions for the clinical trials are listed below.

• Clinical trial registry is only required for the prospective research projects that study the relationship between a health-related intervention and an outcome by assigning people. 
• To have their manuscript evaluated in the journal, author should register their research to a public registry at or before the time of first patient enrollment.
• Based on most up to date ICMJE recommendations
Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery accepts public registries that include minimum acceptable 24-item trial registration dataset.
• Authors are required to state a data sharing plan for the clinical trial registration. Please see details under “Data Sharing” section.

• For further details, please check ICMJE Clinical Trial Policy at 

Data Sharing

Authors are required to provide a data sharing statement for the articles that reports the results of a clinical trial. The data sharing statement should indicate the items below according to the ICMJE data sharing policy:
• Whether individual deidentified participant data will be shared
• What data in particular will be shared
• Whether additional, related documents will be available
• When the data will be available and for how long
• By what access criteria will be shared

Authors are recommended to check the ICMJE data sharing examples at  

While submitting a clinical trial to Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery,

• Authors are required to make registration to a publicly accessible registry according to ICMJE recommendations and the instructions above.
• The name of the registry and the registration number should be provided in the Title Page during the initial submission.
• Data sharing statement should also be stated in the Title Page even the authors do not plan to share it.  

Reporting Statistical Analysis 

Statistical analysis to support conclusions is usually necessary. Statistical analyses must be conducted in accordance with international statistical reporting standards (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Information on statistical analyses should be provided with a separate subheading under the Materials and Methods section and the statistical software that was used during the process must be specified.

Values for reporting statistical data, such as P values and CIs should be presented and rounded appropriately. P values should be expressed to 2 digits to the right of the decimal point unless the first 2 digits are zeros, in which case 3 digits to the right of the decimal place should be provided (eg, instead of P < .01, report as P = .002). However, values close to .05 may be reported to 3 decimal places because the .05 is an arbitrary cut point for statistical significance (eg,  P = .053). P values less than .001 should be designated as P < .001 rather than exact values (eg, P = .000006).

Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).

Review Articles: Reviews prepared by authors who have extensive knowledge on a particular field and whose scientific background has been translated into a high volume of publications with a high citation potential are welcomed. These authors may even be invited by the journal. Reviews should describe, discuss, and evaluate the current level of knowledge of a topic in clinical practice and should guide future studies. The main text should contain Introduction, Clinical and Research Consequences, and Conclusion sections. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Review Articles.

Case Reports: Brief descriptions of a previously undocumented disease process, a unique unreported manifestation or treatment of a known disease process, or unique unreported complications of treatment regimens. Case reports should include an adequate number of images and figures. Case reports should be accompanied by “Informed Consent” whether the identity of the patients is disclosed or not. The “Informed Consent Form” is available at  Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Case Report.

Letters to the Editor: This type of manuscript discusses important parts, overlooked aspects, or lacking parts of a previously published article. Articles on subjects within the scope of the journal that might attract the readers’ attention, particularly educative cases, may also be submitted in the form of a “Letter to the Editor.” Readers can also present their comments on the published manuscripts in the form of a “Letter to the Editor.” Abstract, Keywords, and Tables, Figures, Images, and other media should not be included. The text should be unstructured. The manuscript that is being commented on must be properly cited within this manuscript. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Letter to Editor.

References: While citing publications, preference should be given to the latest, most up-to-date publications. If an ahead-of-print publication is cited, the DOI number should be provided. References should be written in compliance with Vancouver style (see. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus/ MEDLINE/PubMed. When there are four or fewer authors, all authors should be listed. If there are five or more authors, the first three authors should be listed followed by “et al.” In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited using Arabic numbers in parentheses. The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples. References should be limited to 10 for letters to the editor, 20 for case reports, 40 for clinical/experimental reports and review articles. Journal abbreviations should conform to the style used in the Cumulated Index Medicus (please see Journal articles, books, web pages, conference presentations, newspapers, audio-visual sources like CDs and DVDs, articles pending for publication, theses, and dissertations can be used as references.

Reference Format for Journal Articles: Authors’ initials, surnames and names, article titles, journal titles, date, volume, number and pagination must be indicated. E.g.:

For Journal Articles

Celbis O, Karakoc Y, Ozdemir B, et al. Investigation of lead mobilization from the buckshot residues to the critical organs. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;143:688-94.

For Book References

DiMaio WJ, DiMaio D. Time of death. In: Forensic Pathology. 2nd edition. CRC Press, London, 2001;21-42.

Madea B, Henssge C. Timing of death. In: Payne-James J, Busuttil A, Smock W, eds, Forensic Medicine: Clinical Pathological Aspects. London: Greenwich Medical Media Ltd. 2003;91-114.

For Internet References

Beware: Toy Noise may be too loud for kids. access date 22.04.2013

For Congress Presentations

Brandes U, Wagner D. A Bayesian paradigm for dynamic graph layout. 11th International Symposium on Graph Drawing, 12-15 November 2003. New York, USA, 236-47.

For Newspaper References

Susan S. How to prevent breast cancer. Australian 23 October 2003.

For CD-ROM References

The Oxford English Dictionary [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1992.

For Accepted Articles

Kaya A, Aktas EO. Perception differences between in violence against child. Med-Science. Published Online: Nov 19, 2013.

For Thesis

Karakoc Y. Biological effect of direct electrical current in essential (idiopathic) hyperhidrosis. Ph.D. thesis, Istanbul University, Istanbul, 1996.

In case of use of a previously published table, figure or illustration, reference of the material must be cited in reference list.

In case of use of a previously published table, figure or illustration, reference of the material must be cited in reference list.

Tables should be included in the main document, presented after the reference list, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text. A descriptive title must be placed above the tables. Abbreviations used in the tables should be defined below the tables by footnotes (even if they are defined within the main text). Tables should be created using the “insert table” command of the word processing software and they should be arranged clearly to provide easy reading. Data presented in the tables should not be a repetition of the data presented within the main text but should be supporting the main text.

Figures and Figure Legends

Figures, graphics, and photographs should be submitted as separate files (in TIFF or JPEG format) through the submission system. The files should not be embedded in a Word document or the main document. When there are figure subunits, the subunits should not be merged to form a single image. Each subunit should be submitted separately through the submission system. Images should not be labeled (a, b, c, etc.) to indicate figure subunits. Thick and thin arrows, arrowheads, stars, asterisks, and similar marks can be used on the images to support figure legends. Like the rest of the submission, the figures too should be blind. Any information within the images that may indicate an individual or institution should be blinded. The minimum resolution of each submitted figure should be 300 DPI. To prevent delays in the evaluation process, all submitted figures should be clear in resolution and large in size (minimum dimensions: 100 × 100 mm). Figure legends should be listed at the end of the main document.

All acronyms and abbreviations used in the manuscript should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text. The abbreviation should be provided in parentheses following the definition.

When a drug, product, hardware, or software program is mentioned within the main text, product information, including the name of the product, the producer of the product, and city and the country of the company (including the state if in USA), should be provided in parentheses in the following format: “Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)”

All references, tables, and figures should be referred to within the main text, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text.
Limitations, drawbacks, and the shortcomings of original articles should be mentioned in the Discussion section before the conclusion paragraph.


Authors must indicate the changes on the main text while resubmitting revised files, and also answers to each reviewer suggestions separately must be included in the letter. Page and line number of corrections must be included as well. Revised form of manuscripts must be sent to journal within 30 days, otherwise revision option may be canceled. Warning letter will be sent and then after 15 days, manuscript will be rejected. If authors need extension of time for revisions anyhow, the journal must be informed before the deadline of revision.

Proofs and Publication DOI Number

Accepted manuscripts are copyedited for grammar, punctuation, and format. Following the copyediting process, the authors will be asked to review and approve the changes made during the process. Authors will be contacted for a second time after the layout process and will be asked to review and approve the PDF proof of their article for publication. Once the production process of a manuscript is completed it is published online on the journal’s webpage as an ahead-of-print publication before it is included in its scheduled issue.


The submitted papers will be published upon the editorial board’s approval. Rejected manuscripts and their attachments (photographs, tables, graphics, and diskettes) will not be returned unless otherwise requested by the authors.


Abstract Word Limit

Reference Limit

Table Limit

Figure Limit

Original Article




8 (max.8 images of each

Review Article




5 (max.6 images of each

Case Repor




5 (max.6 images of each

Letter to the Editör

No Abstract



2 Figures


Editor in Chief of Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (AZJCVS)


Department of Cardiovascular Surgery Baku, Azerbaijan



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