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|Journal of Islamic International Medical College|
GUIDE FOR AUTHORS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS
The ‘JIIMC’ agrees to accept manuscripts prepared in accordance with the “Uniform
Requirements submitted to the Biomedical Journals” published in the British Medical Journal
1991; 302: 334-41.
All material submitted for publication should be sent exclusively to the Journal of Islamic International Medical College, Pakistan. Work that has already been reported in a published paper or is described in a paper sent or accepted elsewhere for publication of a preliminary report, usually in the form of an abstract, or a paper that has been presented at a scientific meeting, if not published in a full proceedings or similar publication, may be submitted. Press reports of meeting will not be considered as breach of this rule but such reports should not be amplified by additional data or copies of tales and illustrations. In case of doubt, a copy of the published material should be included with a manuscript to help the editors decide how to deal with the matter.
If tables, illustrations or photographs, which have been already published, are included, a letter of permission for republication should be obtained from author(s) as well as the editor of the journal where it was previously printed. Written permission to reproduce photographs of patients whose identity is not disguised should be sent with the manuscript; otherwise the eyes will be blackened out.
MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION
The material submitted for publication may be in the form of an Original Research, a Review Article, a Case Report, Recent Advances, New Techniques, Debates, Book/CDs Review on Clinical/Medical Education, Adverse Drug Reports or a Letter to the Editor. Original articles should normally report original research of relevance to clinical medicine and may appear either as papers or as short communications. The papers should be of about 2000 words, with no more than six tables or illustrations; short communications should be about 600 words, with one table or illustration and not more than five references. Clinical Case Report and brief or negative research findings may appear in this section. Review article should consist of structured overview of relatively narrow topic providing background and recent development with reference of original literature. An author can write a review article only if he/she has written minimum of three original research articles and some case reports on the same topic. Letters should normally not exceed 400 words, have no more than 05 references and be signed by all the authors; preference is given to those that take up points made in contributions published in the journal. Obituaries should be of about 250 words. Editorials are written by invitation. Authors should keep one copy of their manuscript for reference, and send three copies (laser copies or inkjet, photocopies are not accepted) to the Managing Editor, Journal of Islamic International Medical College, Pakistan. The author should also submit an electronic copy of the manuscript typed in MS Word. Any illustrations or photographs should also be sent in duplicate. People from outside Pakistan can also email their manuscript. Each manuscript should include a title page (containing email address, fax and phone numbers of the corresponding author), abstract, text, acknowledgements (if any), references, tables and legends. Each component should begin on a new page, in the following sequence: title page; abstract and at least three key words; text; acknowledgements; references; tables (each table, complete with title and footnotes, should be merged in the manuscript); and legends for illustrations. The manuscript should be typed in double spacing on 8 ½” x 11” white bond paper with one inch margin on both sides. It should not exceed 20 pages, excluding tables and references. There should be no more than 40 references in an Original Article and no more than 60 in a Review Article. If prepared on a word processor / computer, the diskette properly protected, or CDs should be sent with the manuscript.
DISSERTATION/THESIS BASED ARTICLE
An article based on dissertation submitted as part of the requirement for a Fellowship can be sent for publication after it has been approved by the Research and Training Monitoring Cell (RTMC). The main difference between an article and dissertation is the length of the manuscript. Dissertation based article should be re-written in accordance with the instructions to author
TABLE AND ILLUSTRATIONS
Tables and illustrations should be merged within the text of the paper, and legends to illustrations should be typed on the same sheet. Table should be simple, and should supplement rather than duplicate information in the text; tables repeating information will be omitted. Each table should have a title and be typed in double space without horizontal and vertical lines on an 8 ½” x 11′ paper. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Roman numeral in the order they are mentioned in the text. Page number should be in the upper right corner. If abbreviations are used, they should be explained in foot notes and when they first appear in text. When graphs, scattergrams, or histogram are submitted, the numerical data on which they are based should be supplied. All graphs should be made with MS Excel and be sent as a separate Excel file even if merged in the manuscript. For scanned photographs highest resolution should be used.
S I UNITS
System International (SI) Unit measurements should be used. All drugs must be mentioned in their generic form. The commercial name may however be mentioned within brackets, if necessary.
FIGURES AND PHOTOGRAPHS
Figures and Photographs should only be sent when data cannot be expressed in any other form. They must be unmounted, glossy prints in sharp focus, 5”x7” in size. These may be in black & white or in colour. Negatives, transparencies and X Ray films should not be submitted. The number of figure, the name of the author(s) should be printed on the back of each figure/photograph. The top of the figure must be identified by the author. These figures and photographs must be cited in the text in consecutive order. Legends must be typed on the same paper. Legends for photomicrographs should indicate the magnifications, internal scale and method of staining. Photographs in published articles will not be returned.
References should be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text. At the end of the article, the full list of references should give the names and initials of all authors (unless there are more than six when only the first six should be given followed by et al). The author’s names are followed by the title of the article; title of the journal abbreviated according to the style of the Index Medicus (see “List of Journals Indexed”, printed yearly in the January issue of Index Medicus); year volum and page number; e.g. Hall, RR. The healing of tissues by C02 laser. Br J. Surg: 1970; 58:222-225. References to books should give the names of editors, place of publication, publisher and year. The author must verify the references against the original documents before the article.
Abstracts of original article should be in structured format with following sub-headings: i. Objective, ii. Design, iii. Place & Duration of study iv. Materials & Methods, v. Result, vi. Conclusion. Four elements should be addressed: why did you start, why did you do, what did you find and what does it mean. Why did you start in the objective. What did you do constitutes the methodology and could include design, setting, patients or other participants, interventions, and outcome measures. What did you find is the results, and what does it mean would constitute; our conclusions. Please label each section clearly with the appropriate sub-headings. Structured abstract for an original article, should not be more than 250 words. Review article, case report and other requires a short, unstructured abstract. Commentaries do not required abstract.
This should include the purpose of the article. The rationale for the study or observation should be summarized; only strictly pertinent references should be cited; the subject should not be extensively reviewed. Data or conclusions from the work being reported should not be presented.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Study design and sampling methods should be mentioned. Obsolete terms such as retrospective studies should not be used. The selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or experimental animals, including controls) should be described clearly. The methods and the apparatus used should be identified (with the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures described in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. References to established methods should be given, including statistical methods; references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known should be provided; new or substantially modified methods should be described, giving reasons for using them, and evaluating their limitations all drugs and chemicals used should be identified precisely, including generic names(s), dose(s) and route(s) of administration.
These should be presented in logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations. All the data in the tables or illustrations should not be repeated in the text; only important observations should be emphasized or summarized.
The author’s comment on the results supported with contemporary references, including arguments and analysis of identical work done by other workers. A summary is not required Brief acknowledgement may be made at the end.
Conclusion should be provided under separate heading and highlight new aspects arising from the study. It should be in accordance with the objectives.
Every paper will be bread by at least two staff editors or the editorial board. The papers selected will then be sent to one or more external reviewers. If statistical analysis is included, further examination by a statistician will be carried out.
JIIMC follows the guidelines of ICMJE, PMDC and HEC for any kind of plagiarism. These guidelines can be accessed at www.icmje.org, www.pmdc.gov.pk and www.Hec.gov.pk Author is advised to go through these guidelines before submitting their manuscript with JIIMC. The cases of plagiarism will be dealt according to rules and regulations/recommendation of the ICMJE, PMDC and HEC. The disciplinary committee of JIIMC comprises of the staff, Managing editors and Editor in Chief to deal with cases of plagiarism. Furthermore, authors are advised to submit a similarity index report generated by anti plagiarism software “TURNITIN”. Articles with similarity index more than 19% will not be accepted for processing.
Author of the manuscript is required to submit the certificate of approval by the Institutional Review Committee (IRC)/Ethical Review Board (ERB). Manuscripts comprising of the reports of experiments on human subjects should explicitly indicate that the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised in 1983. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution or a national research council’s guidelines for or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
Any funding source for the research work must be informed at the time of submitting the manuscript for publication in JIIMC. Any associations that might be construed as a conflict of interest (stock ownership, consultancies, etc.) shall be disclosed accordingly.
Material printed in this journal is the copyright of the JIIMC and may not be reproduced without the permission of the editors or publishers. Instructions to authors appear on the last page of each issue. Prospective authors should consult them before writing their articles and other material for publication. The JIIMC accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in this journal. The Editorial Board makes every effort to ensure that accuracy and authenticity of material printed in the journal. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Editorial Board of the JIIMC.