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Veterinary Research Notes

A cover letter, author's declaration form, main article file, and checklist should be prepared as per the instructions before starting submission.

Type of article accepted:

1. Research Article (must not exceed 4500 words including up to 30 references)
2. Review Article (must not exceed 6000 words including up to 100 references)
3. Mini-review (must not exceed 4500 words including up to 50 references)
4. Short Communication (must not exceed 2000 words including up to 15 references)
5. Case Report (must not exceed 2000 words including up to 15 references)

Line- and page numbers should be inserted starting from the beginning.

Cover letter (one page of doc file):

The "cover letter" should include a Message to the Editor-in-Chief, the Title of the manuscript, names of all authors with their affiliations, and contact details including e-mail addresses, and details of the corresponding author.

Main article file:

First page is the title page: it should include the Title & statement of novelty (within 5 sentences; SPECIFY THE NEW FINDINGS). Ethical approval (if needed) should be mentioned.
Second page should be started from- type of article >>> title of article >>> abstract >>> keywords (3-6) >>> introduction >>> materials and methods >>> results and discussion (combined or separate) >>> conclusion >>> acknowledgement >>> conflict of interest >>> authors' contributions >>> references >>> figures >>> tables

Main article file must not contain the Names of authors & affiliations. This file will be sent to reviewers. The submitted manuscript or its essential content must not have been published previously or be under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Abstract should be brief not exceeding 250 words.

The purposes of an abstract are to give a clear indication of the objective, scope, and results of the paper so that readers may determine whether the full text will be of particular interest to them. Order should be- Objective >> Materials and Methods >> Results  >> Conclusion. (Check the latest issue). The abstract of review/mini-review may not be subdivided into the order mentioned above. Please check- Here.


Each paper should have 3-6 keywords indicating the contents of manuscripts. The keywords are used for indexing, abstracting, and retrieval purposes.


Title should be SMART.

[S=Specific, M=Meaningful, A=Achievable, R=Relevant, T=Time-bound]


The introductory section should contain a brief review of the problem with which the study deals, validate the approach taken, and clearly formulate the goals.

Materials and Methods

This section comprises a full description of the object of the study (including Latin names), The original names of instruments and reagents should be specified, and the manufacturer’s name (company, country) should be given in parentheses. Please indicate the source from which the sample has been obtained.

Results or Results and Discussion

This section should provide a concise description of experimental data obtained, illustrated by tables and figures (which should not duplicate each other). Rather than mechanically repeating the data of tables and graphs, the text should seek to reveal the principles detected. It is recommended to use past indefinite verb tense in describing the results. Discussion should not reiterate the results.


Tables should be made by using table editor. Do not use graphics software to create tables. The table should be self-explanatory.

Figures and Graphs

Please make all figures and graphs in acceptable formats: TIFF or JPEG (resolution not <600 dpi)


This section should be completed with a major conclusion that answers the question specified in the introductory part of the article.


Mention the acknowledgment section in the author declaration form rather than in the main file, as we follow a double-blind peer-review process. However, on the declaration form, the source of any financial support received for the work being published must be indicated. (It will be assumed that the absence of such an acknowledgment is a statement by the authors that no support was received.)

The guidelines on reporting sex and gender information (SAGER) should also be considered. These guidelines can be found on the Equator Network.

Conflict of interest

Conflict of interest (if any) should be mentioned clearly.

Authors' contribution

The contribution of each author must be mentioned clearly.


The total number of references should not exceed thirty (except review papers). 

At least 40% of references should be taken from recent years (the last five years)
References older than the year 2000 should be avoided.

Citation in the text: Hasan [1] or Hasan et al. [1] or only [1]   

Note:  et al. is not italic

Reference from Journal:

[1] Bhagwat VG, Balamurugan E, Rangesh P. Evaluation of the effectiveness of phytogenic feed additive on hatchable egg production performance in Cobb 430 Y breeders under field conditions. Vet Res Notes. 2021;1(3):23–26. doi:10.5455/vrn.2021.a5.

If the number of authros is more than three:

[2] Zihad AM, Shahid MAH, Mahmud MM, et al. Molecular detection, antibiogram, and risk factor analysis of Staphylococcus aureus from subclinical mastitis of goats in conventional and organized farms. Vet Res Notes. 2021;1(2):17–22. doi:10.5455/vrn.2021.a4.

[3] Rahman MT. Chikungunya virus infection in developing countries - What should we do? J Adv Vet Anim Res. 2017; 4(2):125–131. doi:10.5455/javar.2017.d211.

[4] Mardekian SK, Roberts AL. Diagnostic options and challenges for dengue and chikungunya viruses. BioMed Res Int. 2015; 2015:Article ID 834371. doi:10.1155/2015/834371.

Book reference:

Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Rapini R. Cutaneous myiasis. Dermatology. 1:2nd ed. Mosby Elsevier. 2008; p. 1300–1301.

Chapter in book:

Hall MJ, Farkas R. Traumatic myiasis of humans and animals. Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Science Herald, Budapest. 2008; p. 751–768.

Case report should contain- abstract >> keywords >> case history >> clinical examination >> treatment/surgery/management >> discussion >> conclusion >> acknowledgement >> conflict of interest >> authors' contributions >> references.

Review paper:

The abstract should include objectives, and main focusing points described in the paper.
An illustration of the contents using tables, figures, and sketches is preferable.
Should cite at least 50 references, most of which should be of recent ones.

Abbreviations, Symbols, and Nomenclature: 

Abbreviations of chemical, biological, medical, or other terms should be used if that is accepted internationally. All specifications must be stated according to the S.I. system. Concentrations of chemical solutions are to be given in mol/l. All other concentrations should be given in % (volume or weight).

Some abbreviations:
Hours  >>  h
Minutes  >>  min
grams  >>  gm
seconds  >>  sec
kilograms  >>  kg
milliliter  >>  ml
milligram  >>  mg
The full name must be stated in brackets when the abbreviation is first used.
All biological, medical, chemical, or other terms should be used according to the most recent recommendations of the respective international nomenclature.
Enzymes should be given in I.U. (International Units), according to Enzyme Nomenclature (Elsevier Publishing Co., 1965).
In the case of commercially obtained substances or reagents, when they are first mentioned in the text, the name and address of the manufacturer or supplier should be given as a footnote.
Products (preparations etc.) with a registered trademark should be marked as so.
Bacterial names should be in accordance with the latest edition of Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore).
Viruses are to be given the classification and names recommended by the International Committee on the Nomenclature of Viruses.
Names of micro-organisms and zoological names should be in italics in the manuscript.


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